Genevan Psalter

   Also known as the Huguenot Psalter, the most influential hymnal supervised by Jean Calvin, preceded by earlier versions in 1539, 1542, 1543, and 1551. The texts are metrical psalms translated into French by Calvin, Clément Marot (c. 1497–1544), and Théodore de Beze (1519–1605). The chief composers involved were Louis Bourgeois (c. 1510–after 1560) and an unidentified "Maître Pierre." The simple, mostly conjunct melodies, adapted from Latin chants, folk tunes, and even Lutheran chorales, set the psalms syllabically with only minims and semiminims (half and quarter notes), with phrase endings marked by longer notes. These proved to be popular and memorable: by 1565, 63 editions had been printed. It became the standard source for psalm singing in the French-speaking world, and polyphonic versions composed by Claude Goudimel from 1551 to 1564 and then by Claude Le Jeune, published posthumously in 1601, were widely disseminated for domestic use. A German edition of Goudimel’s versions issued by Ambrosius Lobwasser (Leipzig, 1573) allowed the Calvinist repertory to intermix with the Lutheran, resulting in a partial fusing of the traditions in the 17th century.

Historical dictionary of sacred music. . 2006.

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  • Genevan psalter — The Genevan Psalter is a collection of metrical psalms created under the supervision of John Calvin. Metrical Psalms are rhymed versions of the songs from the Book of Psalms, found in the Bible.OriginsBefore the Protestant Reformation the singing …   Wikipedia

  • Metrical psalter — For earlier rhymed translations of Psalms, see rhymed psalter. A metrical psalter is a kind of Bible translation: a book containing a metrical translation of all or part of the Book of Psalms in vernacular poetry, meant to be sung as hymns in a… …   Wikipedia

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  • Loys Bourgeois — (Louis Bourgeois) (c. 1510 to 1515 ndash; 1559 or later) was a French composer and music theorist of the Renaissance. He is most famous as one of the main compilers of Calvinist hymn tunes in the middle of the 16th century. One of the most famous …   Wikipedia

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  • John Calvin — Barcelona, Spain (1554) Born Jean Cauvin 10 July 1509(1509 07 10) Noyon, Picardy, Kingdom of France …   Wikipedia

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